ABOUT CASTLE NEWS
A castle is a large building that was originally constructed to provide some kind of defensive or strategic advantages. Many of the earlier castles that were built before the medieval era were actually huge fortresses built to house an army or to defend a location. You could even call a castle some kind of gigantic habitation that is meant to be fortified. But nowadays castles are not what you would call defensive locations anymore. In fact, as far as several hundred years ago, castles stopped being used as fortresses. And they have begun being used as homes, seats of governments, and to this day.
So defining castles into one single category as being fortresses is not very useful. If you take a broader approach to defining castles you can see that many buildings that were built in the past would fit into the category of a castle. As time went on, castles have been used for everything from a military fortification to even fortified homes. The main reasoning of castles being built was that they offered a huge building that could be strategically defended, and thus also provided protection for people around the castle and those living within it too. So the main purpose of castles is definitely defense.
Castles have also been called many things in the past and even the present. Some names that have been used to refer to castles include stronghold, fort, manor, and palace. All of these words have been used to interchangeably refer to castles and similar buildings. But the uses of these kinds of terms for castles have had more specific terminologies. For example, a lavish castle is usually referred to as a palace. While a more defensive-oriented castle, which serves as a military base, would be called a fort or stronghold. But those are the nuances of the terms themselves. Virtually anything that can be large.
So what exactly makes up a castle anyway? What are the specific parts of these kinds of buildings? It would be useful to know what exactly composes a castle so that you can quickly identify one whenever you see a castle. Here is what you should know what are the parts of a medieval castle.
Since castles can come in all shapes and sizes, it is important to limit the definition of these parts of a single kind of castle. And that kind of castle is a popular one, which is the medieval castle. If you think of a castle as having a high wall and towers, then you are definitely picturing a castle built in the medieval period. And there are certain common parts that are shared by these kinds of castles. These are all of the parts that you need to know about medieval castles.
Keep – This is considered the heart of the castle as it is the main building of the whole structure. Castles are actually composed of several different smaller buildings that are grouped together. And the keep is the central building, and it is also usually the largest. The keep was the largest part of the castle because it housed a lot of the living areas. There were also storerooms in this part of the castle that usually contained food. The keep’s storerooms could store a lot of food in case of a siege.
Wall – Almost all medieval castles have got tall and thick walls that surround them. The obvious purpose of these walls was to serve as defensives. You would often also see arrow loops and other defenses that are built around and into these walls.
And in addition to that, a moat would also surround these walls making them much harder to scale as well. Interspersed at the wall’s intervals were high towers, that also served as defenses. Another purpose of the tower at the walls was that they could allow the castle defenders to look farther away. On top of the walls were also walkways that allowed a castle’s walkway, this would also allow the defenders to more effectively patrol the castle grounds.
Bailey – This is what the area between the wall and the inner structure of the castle was called. Any space between the castle walls and the castle’s keep was referred to as the bailey. Usually, within the bailey of the castle other smaller structures such as the training ground and the barracks would be housed. This area is also called the courtyard of the castle. This area of the castle would serve as the parade grounds or even training area. And when the castle was under siege food could also be grown in the Bailey area of the castle. Castle gate – The castle gate obviously would be where the entrance to the castle and the outer wall are located.
The castle gate was usually a thicker part of the wall that also housed a lot of the castle’s defenses. You would also see two sets of gates in this area. The metal gate is called portcullis. While the main doors of the castle were usually made out of wood and could be drawn up. This was called a drawbridge and when drawn up it would restrict entrance into the castle. Castles have captured the imagination of many people around the world, from fantasy to history lovers. Those who are history buffs love castles for their historical significance.
After all, big battles and other important events have taken place at castles. And those who love fantasy are fascinated by castles since many fantastical stories are set at these locations. Indeed the popularity of castles has been stronger than ever and millions of tourists visit these historical and cultural sites every year. If you want to learn more about castles and any sort of news about them, then you have come to the right place. When it comes to castles, we have got everything that you need to know!